Change a life
Somaliland and Puntland are self-declared States within Somalia, which are not recognised by the international community. They are impoverished territories with fragile economies.
Somaliland, an area situated in the north of Somalia on the border with Djibouti, declared its independence in 1991 after a particularly bloody civil war waged against the regime of the Somalian dictator, Siad Barre. Somaliland has been operating as a democratic State since that date. Its capital is Hargeisa. As it is not recognised by the UN, Somaliland does not have access to development funds to improve health and social conditions for its population.
55 % of the population is nomadic or semi-nomadic. The situation in Somaliland is considered relatively calm, although the security situation in the country remains fragile due to the lack of state control, the inability to effectively apply legislation, and the proliferation of light weapons. Handicap International is currently operating in all areas of Somaliland.
Puntland, in the north-east of Somalia, declared itself a State in 1998. Unlike Somaliland, it has not claimed independence from Somalia. Its capital is Garowe. 60% of its population earns its living by raising livestock.