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Mali

Handicap International is working to support the people of Mali, who have been badly affected first by drought, then by the 2012 conflict which split the country in two. The organisation runs around fifteen projects aimed at helping victims, reducing the risk of disability and malnutrition in young children, improving the inclusion of people with disabilities, and supporting reconciliation initiatives.

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Handicap International is working to support the people of Mali, who have been badly affected first by drought, then by the 2012 conflict which split the country in two. The organisation runs around fifteen projects aimed at helping victims, reducing the risk of disability and malnutrition in young children, improving the inclusion of people with disabilities, and supporting reconciliation initiatives.
Handicap International is working to support the people of Mali, who have been badly affected first by drought, then by the 2012 conflict which split the country in two. The organisation runs around fifteen projects aimed at helping victims, reducing the risk of disability and malnutrition in young children, improving the inclusion of people with disabilities, and supporting reconciliation initiatives.

Our actions

Against a background of extreme poverty, Handicap International works on all fronts to provide an appropriate response in support of the Malian people in both the north and south of the country. Its teams are supporting the victims of the recent conflict and continue to champion people with disabilities’ right to healthcare and dignity.

Since the summer of 2012, the organisation has mobilised additional teams in response to the humanitarian emergency in the north of the country. Handicap International’s demining experts have been working to clear explosive remnants of war, which posed a threat to the general population, including in schools.

Today, the organisation is continuing to support victims, strengthen the provision of healthcare services in the Timbuktu region and is campaigning against food insecurity and malnutrition in young children. Handicap International also supports women’s groups engaged in peace and reconciliation initiatives.

At the same time, our teams remain involved in the campaign to end discrimination against people with disabilities and enable them to access education, healthcare and employment. Finally, Handicap International provides medical personnel with training on the early detection of disability. By improving the care of young children, it is possible to prevent or minimise the development of disability and enable them to lead an independent life.

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Background

The second largest country in West Africa after Niger, Mali is also one of the world’s poorest nations. In recent years, it has endured droughts, political crises and armed conflict, resulting in wide-scale population displacement and a weakening of the state institutions.

In January 2012, the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) occupied part of northern Mali. A number of Islamist movements also made gains in this region. Two months later, the president was overthrown. The country then descended into an armed conflict which led to intervention by the Malian and French armed forces in January 2013.

Fighting and the presence of armed groups led to a proliferation of light weapons and the threat of explosive remnants of war in areas where civilian populations are living. In 2012, more than half the civilian casualties of explosive remnants of war in Mali were children.

Some 350,000 people took refuge in neighbouring countries. More than 280,000 Malians fled to the south and centre of the country, where host communities were themselves suffering the impact of the terrible food crisis in 2011.

Today, the humanitarian situation remains precarious. The country’s institutions have been severely affected (healthcare, education, public administration etc.) and the refugees and displaced persons are returning home against a backdrop of particularly difficult conditions.

The country is hampered by extreme poverty. It is ranked 182th out of 187 on the Human Development Index.Political instability and the 2012 conflict have further compounded the situation. Mali’s efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals by 2015, including universal primary education, HIV/AIDS control and access to drinking water, have been seriously impeded.

Among the general population, people with disabilities are seen as an excluded group and are often the victims of discrimination or prejudice. They represent the country’s largest minority. They have no or very little access to healthcare, education, social services and employment. Only a tiny proportion of children with disabilities attend school. Moreover, in these times of crisis, these already very disadvantaged people often find themselves in increasingly vulnerable situations.

Key Figures - Mali - Handicap International
Key Figures - Mali - Handicap International
WHERE your support HELPS

Partners

  • Early prevention, detection and case-management of disability (children aged 0-6).

    • Ministry of Health
    • National Health Department
    • Community Health Organisations (ASACO)
    • Ministry of Social Development

    Restoring the well-being of women, children and new-born infants as part of the reconstruction of the Timbuktu region

    • Regional Health Department of Timbuktu
    • Planning and Statistics Unit (CPS) of the Ministry of Health
    • Social Development and Economic Solidarity Regional Department
    • Regional Department for the Promotion of Women, Children and the Family
    • Local authorities
    • Regional Federation of Community Health Organisations
    • Committee of Women’s Organisations in Timbuktu
    • Santé Mali Rhône Alpes (SMARA)
    • Santé Développement (SADEVE)
    • Marie Stopes International (MSI)
    • Santé Sud

    Improving children’s nutrition through affective stimulation and motor function stimulation

    • Regional Health Department (Bamako, Sikasso and Mopti)
    • Social Development and Economic Solidarity Regional Department (Bamako, Sikasso and Mopti)
    • National Preschool and Special Education Department of the Ministry for Education and Literacy
    • UNICEF

    Victim assistance

    • Mali National Orthopaedic-Fitting Centre (CNAOM)
    • The Malian Federation of Disabled People’s Organisations (FEMAPH)

    Assisting victims of gender-based violence

    • UNHCR (UN Refugee Agency)
    • DRC (Danish Refugee Council)
    • IDA (Initiative Développement Action)

    Support for women’s initiatives to promote social cohesion (Mali and Burkina Faso)

    • Women in Action Research, Study and Training Group (GREFFA) in Mali,
    • The Tin Hinan organisation in Burkina Faso,
    • Women’s organisations,
    • Civil society organisations,
    • People living in communes where the organisation works,
    • Regional authorities,
    • Local and institutional authorities

    Risk education on explosive remnants of war

    Decentralised services (elected officials): town council, circle committee, regional council

    • Civil protection operators
    • Health centres
    • Local NGOs operating in North Mali as part of risk education
    • Community leaders and their networks
    • National Department for the Promotion of Women, Children and the Family
    • National Social Development Department
    • Teaching colleges in the regions of Timbuktu and Gao

    Inclusive employment in environmentally responsible occupations

    • Sikasso regional council
    • SNV Mali (Dutch Development Organisation)

    Inclusive employment and the promotion of companies committed to the inclusion of people with disabilities

    Malian Association of Human Resources Managers (AMAGRH)

    • Organisation for the Employment and Inclusion of People with Disabilities for Development (EIHD)
    • Young People’s Employment Agency (APEJ)
    • National Employment Agency (ANPE)
    • Occupational Training and Apprenticeship Support Fund (FAFPA)
    • Regional Department for Social Development and Economic Solidarity (DRDSES)
    • National Public Works Department (DNTP)

    Inclusive education (sub-regional project)

    • Department for Primary Education (National Ministry for Education, Literacy and the Promotion of National Languages)
    • Disabled people’s organisations
    • Special schools
    • Parents’ associations
    • Educational mothers’ associations
    • School Management Committees

    At a local level, partnerships with parent-teacher associations, school management committees, disabled people’s organisations, local authorities and decentralised State technical services (colleges, vocational training certificates), and mainstream and specialist schools.

    Strengthening disabled people’s organisations

    • FEMAPH (The Malian Federation of Disabled People’s Organisations)
    • International service
    • Sightsavers

    Improving governance in order to include people with disabilities in the national HIV/AIDS strategy

    • The Malian Federation of Disabled People’s Organisations (FEMAPH)
    • Organisation for Research, Communication and Home Support for People Living with HIV (ARCAD-SIDA)
    • Executive Secretariat of the National Higher Council for HIV/AIDS Control (SE-HCNLS)
    • The Malian Network of Organisations of People Living with HIV/AIDS (RMAP+)
    • Sectorial HIV/AIDS Control Units (CSLS) at the Ministry for Health and Public Hygiene and the Ministry for Solidarity, Humanitarian Action and Reconstruction in the North.

    Enhancing food security for vulnerable people in the regions of North Mali

    • Regional Department for Social Development and Economic Solidarity (DRDSES)
    • Local and institutional authorities
    • People living in communes where the organisation works

    Psychosocial assistance for the most vulnerable people in Timbuktu

    • The local and institutional authorities.
    • The population of the municipalities of intervention